Darjeeling is the main town of the Sadar subdivision and also the
headquarters of the district.
The range is Y-shaped with the base resting at Katapahar and Jalapahar and
two arms diverging north of the Observatory Hill.
- The hills of Darjeeling are part of the
- The soil is chiefly composed of sandstone
and conglomerate formations, which are the solidified and upheaved
detritus of the great range of Himalaya.
- The area has steep slopes and loose
topsoil, leading to frequent landslides during the monsoons.